One day on one of the beaches of Sydney in Australia by local surfer was attacked by a six-foot shark, when he caught the wave of 100 metres from the shore. The athlete showed composure and fought off the predator with his Board. The shark had to retreat, and the surfer returned to shore. The Aussie showed composure nedyuzhennye, because half an hour after the incident he went to surf again.
What are the statistics?
If properly analyzed, the figures will not be such a bad picture. Just from 1580 to 2003 there has been 1909 cases of shark attacks on humans. Of these, almost half occurred in the United States. In 2004 were 61 new cases of shark attacks, 7 of which ended with the death of the victims. However, the likelihood that you will be attacked by a shark is 1 to 11,5 millions. The chances are that you will die in this case tends to zero. To be clear, to compare the likelihood that you will drown is 1 in 2 million. However, these figures relate to unprovoked attacks. In other words, the chance of getting hurt from the shark, causing her much higher.
Why do sharks attack humans?
Despite all the myths and prejudices associated with these predators, sharks don’t seek to meeting you. They, like all other animals, the instincts rule. In the marine food chain, sharks are on the top. The basis of the diet are sharks different fish, sea turtles, seals, whales and seals. Please note that people on this list. However, surfer, sitting or lying on the Board, looks like these creatures. Therefore, the shark attacks, but usually not biting and feeling the familiar taste, throws the victim.
Why the increase in the number of shark attacks?
Specialists of the international organization that monitors shark attacks International Shark Attack File attribute this to the fact that people began to spend more time in the water. Largest number of shark attacks on people in California, followed by the Caribbean coast of USA, Hawaii, Brazil and South Africa.
How to avoid a shark attack?
Of course, the first thing that comes to mind – not to go into the water. But in this case you will have to forget about surfing, so we exclude this option. What you can do is to not perform too complicated rules: – do not enter the water if you see any sharks; – do not enter water if you have bleeding; – do not enter the water alone; – don’t swim too far; – refrain from being in the water at dusk or at night, sharks are particularly active at this time; – do not wear shiny jewelry and costume jewelry, the glitter attracts sharks; – do not swim in areas that are used for sport or commercial fishing; – use a special wetsuit or wristband, which can scare the sharks; – beware of sudden changes in depths and sandbanks. In addition, it is worth remembering that uneven tan or bright clothes can attract sharks. The same effect cause the claps or slaps on the water; What if the shark attacked? With the threat of shark attack will need to quickly but gently sail toward the coast or any surface above the water. If a shark attacks, hit it on the nose with any object that came to hand, – the Board, the camera, at least with his fist. It will tow the shark for a while, and you’ll get a chance to swim away from her. You should remember that if the shark returned once again to hit her on the nose is unlikely to help. If the shark has already bitten you, be as aggressive. Try to hurt the shark’s eyes, gills, hit her with full force. Feign death is not necessary – it will not help in this case. Once the shark let you go, in a hurry to get out of the water, your blood will attract the predator’s back. However, remember that the chance of becoming a victim of a shark is very small, do not succumb to the fear under the influence of Hollywood movies. Just enjoy surfing.